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Beaglebone is a SBC with an ARM processor and several input-output interfaces. For that reason is needed an operative system prepared to run on an ARM architecture and with the corresponding drivers to make these interfaces work.
Note: this guide has been done with Ubuntu distribution, but it is possible that with the same steps it work with another Debian based distribution.
Install the base system
- Insert the microSD Card into your computer and observe which device it registers as by typing ls /dev/sd. If you are uncertain, remove the microSD Card and the entry should go away. Once you know which device your microSD Card is, follow the instructions below replacing /dev/sdX with the name of the microSD Card in your system.
- Begin partitioning the microSD card by typing
- Initialize a new partition table by selecting
o, then verify is empty by selecting
- Create a boot partition by selecting
1to specify the first partition. Press enter to accept the default first sector and specify
4095for the last sector.
- Change the partition type to FAT16 by selecting
efor ‘W95 FAT16 (LBA)’.
- Set the partition bootable by selecting
- Next, create the data partition for the root filesystem by selecting
nfor (new), then
2to specify the second partition. Accept the default values for the first and last sectors by pressing enter twice.
pto ‘print’ the partition table.
- Finally, commit the changes by selecting
wto write the partition table and exit fdisk.
- Continue to format the partitions and to install the boot system and the root system.
- Format partition 1 as FAT by typing
- Format partition 2 as ext4 by typing
- Install u-boot to the microSD Card.
wget http://s3.armhf.com/dist/bone/bone-uboot.tar.xz mkdir boot mount /dev/sdX1 boot tar xJvf bone-uboot.tar.xz -C boot umount boot
- Install the desired root filesystem to the microSD card (Ubuntu Trusty in this example).
wget http://s3.armhf.com/dist/bone/ubuntu-trusty-14.04-rootfs-184.108.40.206-bone-armhf.com.tar.xz mkdir rootfs mount /dev/sdX2 rootfs tar xJvf ubuntu-trusty-14.04-rootfs-220.127.116.11-bone-armhf.com.tar.xz -C rootfs umount rootfs
The microSD Card is now ready to boot. Note that for ubuntu installations, the login userid is ubuntu and the password is ubuntu.
Tip: the package cache has been flushed to reduce the size of the images. Run
apt-get update after boot to update the package cache, then run
apt-get upgrade to ensure the latest updates are installed.
To install Cloudy you can follow the instructions to convert a plain Debian installation in Cloudy by adding the system the specific files and tools of the distribution.
We call it "cloudynize".
We recommend to use a script to automate the process. You can know how to in the wiki page that explains how to "cloudynize".